Meta data format and assigned names originally developed for use with SMTP, but later utilized more widely (in HTTP for example).  The assigned names are now managed by IANA.  In particular, the MIME Content-Type header is widely supported for declaring the MIME content type and character set encoding (charset) of byte streams.  See also IETF RFCs 2045 and 2049.  Important in relation to SPARQL protocol.

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